India’s Census 2001, office defines child labour as participation of a child less than 17 years of age in any economically productive activity with or without compensation, wages or profit. Such participation could be physical or mental or both.
Article 24 of India’s constitution restricts child labour. But the child labour problem is not unique to India. Nearby worldly 217 million children work and out of this many work full-time. UNICEF says that, the main reason behind this act of child labour is POVERTY and lack of school facilities in many regions of the country. As poor people are not capable enough to earn their livelihood, they send their child for economic activity to atleast earn bread and butter for their family.
India has the largest child labour among whole world who are doing any economic activity for the survival of their family. Due to this act, the child do not get proper education and this hinders physical as well as mental development of that child. The act of child labour is creating ample chances for the business to manipulate. In India, many business enterprises employ child for his routine work as they are available to them at a very cheaper wage. Also family don’t wish to send their child for studies but they rather force them to work at tea stalls and other cheap work because it helps them to gather minimum income useful to their family.
Many attempts are made by government to eradicate such cheap act but it fails to achieve desired results due to poverty, illiteracy and lack of schooling facility. It is believed that as and when a child below 14 is forced to work, it not only hampers his future but also the future of the country as a whole. This happens because children should always be drawn on the path to development of his own. But if the same is not done then, his future is at a peak of risk.
According to UNICEF, girls are twice dropped out of school and seen working as household maids as compared to boys. Especially in India, family do not pay much attention towards education of the girl child in rural areas and some backward states of the country like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, etc. For many families in these states, income from their children’s labour is between 25% to 40% of the total household income.
A 2012 Wall Street Journal article reports while the enrollment in India’s school has dramatically increased in recent years to over 96% of all children in the 6-14 year age group, the infrastructure in schools, aimed in part to reduce child labour, remains poor – over 81,000 schools do not have a blackboard and about 42,000 government schools operate without a building with make shift arrangements during monsoons and inclement weather.
Many Non Government Organisations like Talaash Association Child Rights and You, Global march against child labour, RIDE India etc. have been working to extinct child labour in our country. But in addition to this, we all need to stand and help out those children those who are willing to study but due to inadequate financial resources they are not in a position to study. This is the only way out to help develop our country because it is rightly said like…
[quote bcolor=”#fc0f0f” arrow=”yes”]PADHEGA INDIA, TABHI TO BADHEGA INDIA[/quote]